Bungoma County lies in western Kenya, within the Lake Victoria basin, and is divided into nine sub counties, all of which have enormous potential for agriculture and trade.
The sub counties include Mt. Elgon, Sirisia, Kabuchai, Bumula, Kanduyi, Webuye,East, Webuye West, Kimilili and Tongaren. With a population of 1.6 million, Bungoma is among the top five most populated counties in Kenya.Although the county has over the past decade experienced increased climate variability that has greatly influenced a change in seasons, Bungoma has traditionally experienced two rainy seasons- the long rains of March to July and short the rains coming from August to October.
Over 80% of land in the county is arable and climatic conditions favor a variety of food as well as cash crops. Among the crops grown are maize, finger millet, beans, sweet potatoes, bananas, sorghum, Irish potatoes as well as a variety of vegetables.
The main cash crops include sugarcane, tobacco, coffee,tea, sunflower, cotton and palm oil. Cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, rabbit and poultry are the main livestock kept in the county with indigenous chicken and cattle being the most popular. The County Government intends to formulate supportive legislation to support the setting up of dairy development corporations.
The Bungoma County Integrated Development Plan 2018-2022 also proposes establishment of dairy farm units in selected youth polytechnics, agricultural training colleges as well as technical training colleges.These are intended to provide a ready market to farmers and facilitate value addition.
Through the county’s aquaculture programmes, various types of fish such tilapia, catfish and mudfish are produced. Communities residing close to dams and main rivers also engage in fishing on subsistence basis.
In a bid to diversify agricultural activities, communities living in Bungoma also engage in beekeeping although on a small scale in sub-counties such as Mt. Elgon, Sirisia and Bumula.