Uasin Gishu County is located in the North Rift region and is divided into six sub counties: Turbo, Soy, Ainabkoi, Moiben, Kessess and Kapseret.
The county occupies a highland plateau with altitudes falling gently from 2,700 meters above sea level to about 1,500 meters above sea level. Lying within the Lake Victoria water catchment,the county is physiographically divided into three zones: the upper highlands, upper midlands and lower highlands.
The soils consist of red loam soils, red clay soils,brown clay soils and brown loam soils. These support the growing of crops such as maize, sunflower, wheat, pyrethrum, potatoes and barley.
Additionally, the soils support livestock rearing and forestry.The county experiences high and reliable rainfall, evenly distributed throughout the year with two distinct peaks occurring between March and September as well as May and August.
Dry seasons are experienced between November and February.Temperatures range between 7 degrees Celsius and 29 degrees Celsius. These are favorable conditions for livestock keep, crop production and fish farming. Labeled as one of Kenya’s bread baskets, the crop enterprises in Uasin Gishu include food crops,industrial crops and horticultural crops. Livestock enterprises include dairy, poultry,sheep, goats, pigs, bee keeping and fish farming.
The agriculture enterprises vary from small scale with low external inputs to highly mechanized large-scale farming with very high levels of external input. With a rich agricultural resource base, 80% of the land tenure is privately owned.